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The small but thriving village of Chillicothe, incorporated in 1907, is located in the eastern section of Hardeman County along U.S. Highway 287, the main artery for travel between southeastern Texas and the Panhandle to the northeastern states.
With an estimated population of less than 1,000 people, it boasts a square mile of incorporated business area with nearly the same available for future expansion.
Chillicothe is a wonderfully livable town with an Old West sense of style and a progressive, modern attitude toward development, a workable mix of the old values so lacking today in modern society and new ideas needed to move ahead in today’s world.
Many Chillicothe residents maintain small vegetable garden plots and most homes display colorful seasonal flowers. During the early 1930s, the ladies of the garden club adopted the iris as their club’s floral insignia. This regal flower adapts well to the sandy loam soil – so well that it can be found growing abundantly around older homes. As a result, the town is commonly known as “The Iris Village.”
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Texas Agricultural Experiment Station
The Texas Agricultural Experiment Station was established in 1905, stemming from a request by local farmers due to a lack of feed grains available to the region. In 1916, the present station was established south of Chillicothe on FM 392.
A Texas Historical Marker recognizes the station and the scientific work of J. Roy Quinby for the development of Hybrid grain sorghum.
Research continues today on this and many other crops and growing methods, as well as environmental conservation.